Introduction and other tutorials

Asteroids

Download asteroids.love

Rules

Destroy the asteroids with bullets while avoiding asteroids touching the ship.

Bigger asteroids break into two smaller and faster asteroids when hit with a bullet, and the smallest asteroids are destroyed completely.

Controls

sShoot bullet
Up arrowAccelerate
Left/right arrowTurn

Overview

The ship has an X and Y position, an X and Y speed, and an angle it is facing.

Each asteroid and bullet is represented by a table containing an X and Y position and an angle it is moving in. An X and Y speed isn't stored for the asteroids and bullets because, unlike the ship, they always move in the direction of their angle.

Each bullet additionally has a number representing how long until the bullet is removed if it doesn't hit an asteroid.

Each asteroid additionally has a number representing its "stage" which is used to determine its speed and radius.

There is a table which contains all the asteroids and another table which contains all the bullets.

Each bullet is checked to see if it collides with any of the asteroids. If it does, both the bullet and asteroid are removed from their tables. If the asteroid isn't in its lowest stage, two new asteroids with the next lowest stage are added to the asteroid table. A random angle is given to one of these asteroids, and the opposite angle is given to the other asteroid.

Each asteroid is checked to see if it collides with the ship. If it does, the game is reset.

If there are no asteroids left, the game is also reset.

So that objects partially off the edge of the screen can be seen on the other side, everything is drawn 9 times; above the screen, below, left, right and the diagonal positions.

To see if an asteroid collides with a bullet or the ship, the difference of the two circle's X axes is squared and added to the difference of the two circle's Y axes squared, and if this is less than or equal to the radiuses added together and squared, then the circles are touching or overlapping: (aX - bX)^2 + (aY - bY)^2 <= (aRadius + bRadius)^2

The Pythagorean theorem states that the square of a right triangle's hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, i.e. a² + b² = c²

The two other sides in this instance are the differences between the positions of the two circles on the X and Y axes.

If the two circles are touching, the hypotenuse length is equal to the radiuses of both of the circles added together.

So, if the squared difference between the X axes () plus the squared difference between the Y axes () is equal to the two radiuses added and squared, then the two circles are touching. If a² + b² is less than the two radiuses added and squared, then the two circles are overlapping, or if it's greater, then the two circles are not touching.

Coding

Drawing the ship

The ship is drawn as a blue circle in the middle of the screen.

function love.draw()
    love.graphics.setColor(0, 0, 1)
    love.graphics.circle('fill', 800 / 2, 600 / 2, 30)
end

Turning the ship clockwise

When the right arrow is held down, the ship's angle increases at a rate of 10 radians per second.

To show the angle of the ship, a light blue circle is drawn 20 pixels from the center of the ship in the direction of its angle.

This uses the ship's X and Y positions, so they are made into variables.

function love.load()
    shipX = 800 / 2
    shipY = 600 / 2
    shipAngle = 0
end

function love.update(dt)
    if love.keyboard.isDown('right') then
         shipAngle = shipAngle + 10 * dt
    end
end

function love.draw()
    love.graphics.setColor(0, 0, 1)
    love.graphics.circle('fill', shipX, shipY, 30)

    love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 1)
    local shipCircleDistance = 20
    love.graphics.circle(
        'fill',
        shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipCircleDistance,
        shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipCircleDistance,
        5
    )

    -- Temporary
    love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 1)
    love.graphics.print('shipAngle: '..shipAngle)
end

Turning the ship counterclockwise

When the left arrow is held down, the ship's angle decreases.

The turning speed is reused, so it is made into a variable.

function love.update(dt)
    local turnSpeed = 10

    if love.keyboard.isDown('right') then
         shipAngle = shipAngle + turnSpeed * dt
    end

    if love.keyboard.isDown('left') then
        shipAngle = shipAngle - turnSpeed * dt
    end
end

Wrapping the angle

So that the angle doesn't continue going up beyond 2 pi or down into negative numbers, the modulo operator is used to keep the angle greater than or equal to 0 and less than 2 pi.

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    if love.keyboard.isDown('right') then
         shipAngle = (shipAngle + turnSpeed * dt) % (2 * math.pi)
    end

    if love.keyboard.isDown('left') then
         shipAngle = (shipAngle - turnSpeed * dt) % (2 * math.pi)
    end
end

Ship acceleration

The ship is given X and Y speed.

When the up arrow is pressed, the ship's X and Y speeds are changed based on the ship's angle.

The ship's X and Y positions are changed based on the ship's X and Y speed.

function love.load()
    -- etc.
    
    shipSpeedX = 0
    shipSpeedY = 0
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    if love.keyboard.isDown('up') then
        local shipSpeed = 100
        shipSpeedX = shipSpeedX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipSpeed * dt
        shipSpeedY = shipSpeedY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipSpeed * dt
    end

    shipX = shipX + shipSpeedX * dt
    shipY = shipY + shipSpeedY * dt
end

function love.draw()
    -- etc.

    -- Temporary
    love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 1)
    love.graphics.print(table.concat({
        'shipAngle: '..shipAngle,
        'shipX: '..shipX,
        'shipY: '..shipY,
        'shipSpeedX: '..shipSpeedX,
        'shipSpeedY: '..shipSpeedY,
    }, '\n'))
end

Wrapping the ship

So that the ship wraps around to the other side of the screen when it goes off the edge, the modulo operator is used to keep the ship's X/Y positions greater than or equal to 0 and less than the width/height of the arena.

The arena width and height are reused, so they are made into variables.

function love.load()
    arenaWidth = 800
    arenaHeight = 600

    shipX = arenaWidth / 2
    shipY = arenaHeight / 2

    -- etc.
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    shipX = (shipX + shipSpeedX * dt) % arenaWidth
    shipY = (shipY + shipSpeedY * dt) % arenaHeight
end

Drawing partially off-screen objects

So that objects partially off the edge of the screen can be seen on the other side, the coordinate system is translated to different positions and everything is drawn at each position around the screen and in the center.

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            love.graphics.origin()
            love.graphics.translate(x * arenaWidth, y * arenaHeight)

            love.graphics.setColor(0, 0, 1)
            love.graphics.circle('fill', shipX, shipY, 30)

            love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 1)
            love.graphics.circle('fill', shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * 20, shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * 20, 5)
        end
    end

    -- Temporary
    love.graphics.origin()
    love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 1)
    love.graphics.print(table.concat({
        'shipAngle: '..shipAngle
        'shipX: '..shipX,
        'shipY: '..shipY,
        'shipSpeedX: '..shipSpeedX,
        'shipSpeedY: '..shipSpeedY,
    }, '\n'))
end

Bullets

For now, a bullet is represented by a table with an X and Y position, and when the s key is pressed it is created at the position of the ship and added to the bullets table.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    bullets = {}
end

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            -- etc.

            for bulletIndex, bullet in ipairs(bullets) do
                love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 0)
                love.graphics.circle('fill', bullet.x, bullet.y, 5)
            end
        end
    end
end

function love.keypressed(key)
    if key == 's' then
        table.insert(bullets, {
            x = shipX,
            y = shipY,
        })
    end
end

Creating bullets at edge of ship

The bullets are now created at the ship's radius away from the ship's position in the direction of the ship's angle.

The ship's radius is reused, so it is made into a variable.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    shipRadius = 30
end

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            -- etc.

            love.graphics.circle('fill', shipX, shipY, shipRadius)
            
            -- etc.
        end
    end
end

function love.keypressed(key)
    if key == 's' then
        table.insert(bullets, {
            x = shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
            y = shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
        })
    end
end

Moving bullets

Newly created bullets are given an angle which is the ship's angle at time of shooting.

The bullet table is looped through and each bullet's X and Y position is updated based on its angle.

So that the bullets wrap around the screen, the modulo operator is used to keep the bullet's X/Y positions greater than or equal to 0 and less than the width/height of the arena.

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for bulletIndex, bullet in ipairs(bullets) do
        local bulletSpeed = 500
        bullet.x = (bullet.x + math.cos(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
        bullet.y = (bullet.y + math.sin(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight
    end
end

function love.keypressed(key)
    if key == 's' then
        table.insert(
            bullets, {
                x = shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                y = shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                angle = shipAngle,
            }
        )
    end
end

Bullet time left

Bullets have a timer which starts at 4 seconds and is decreased every frame. When the timer reaches 0, the bullet is removed from the bullets table.

Because bullets are removed from the table while it is being looped through, the loop is changed so that it loops through the table in reverse order.

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for bulletIndex = #bullets, 1, -1 do
        local bullet = bullets[bulletIndex]

        bullet.timeLeft = bullet.timeLeft - dt
        if bullet.timeLeft <= 0 then
            table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)
        else
            local bulletSpeed = 500

            bullet.x = (bullet.x + math.cos(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
            bullet.y = (bullet.y + math.sin(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight
        end
    end
end

function love.keypressed(key)
    if key == 's' then
        table.insert(
            bullets, {
                x = shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                y = shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                angle = shipAngle,
                timeLeft = 4,
            }
        )
    end
end

Holding down shoot key

Instead of creating a bullet each time the s key is pressed, bullets are created if the s key is down and a timer is ready.

The code from love.keypressed is moved to love.update.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    bulletTimer = 0
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    bulletTimer = bulletTimer + dt

    if love.keyboard.isDown('s') then
        if bulletTimer >= 0.5 then
            bulletTimer = 0

            table.insert(bullets, {
                x = shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                y = shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                angle = shipAngle,
                timeLeft = 4,
            })
        end
    end
end

-- Removed: love.keypressed

Drawing asteroids

Asteroids have an X and Y position and are drawn as yellow circles.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    asteroids = {
        {
            x = 100,
            y = 100,
        },
        {
            x = arenaWidth - 100,
            y = 100,
        },
        {
            x = arenaWidth / 2,
            y = arenaHeight - 100,
        }
    }
end

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            -- etc.

            for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
                love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 0)
                love.graphics.circle('fill', asteroid.x, asteroid.y, 80)
            end
        end
    end
end

Moving asteroids

Each asteroid is given a random angle which it moves at.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        asteroid.angle = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
    end
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        local asteroidSpeed = 20
        asteroid.x = (asteroid.x + math.cos(asteroid.angle) * asteroidSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
        asteroid.y = (asteroid.y + math.sin(asteroid.angle) * asteroidSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight
    end
end

Asteroids colliding with ship

The asteroid table is looped through, and if any asteroids collide with the ship, then the game is reset by (for now) calling love.load.

The asteroid radius is reused, so it is made into a variable.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    asteroidRadius = 80
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    local function areCirclesIntersecting(aX, aY, aRadius, bX, bY, bRadius)
        return (aX - bX)^2 + (aY - bY)^2 <= (aRadius + bRadius)^2
    end

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        local asteroidSpeed = 20
        asteroid.x = (asteroid.x + math.cos(asteroid.angle) * asteroidSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
        asteroid.y = (asteroid.y + math.sin(asteroid.angle) * asteroidSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight

        if areCirclesIntersecting(shipX, shipY, shipRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidRadius) then
            love.load()
            break
        end
    end
end


function love.draw()
    -- etc.

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 0)
        love.graphics.circle('fill', asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidRadius)
    end
end

Bullets colliding with asteroids

For each bullet, each asteroid is looped through, and if the bullet and asteroid collide, both are removed from their tables.

The areCirclesIntersecting function is moved above the bullet loop code.

The bullet radius is reused, so it is made into a variable.

Because bullets are removed from the table while it is being looped through, the table is looped through in reverse order.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    bulletRadius = 5
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    local function areCirclesIntersecting(aX, aY, aRadius, bX, bY, bRadius)
        return (aX - bX)^2 + (aY - bY)^2 <= (aRadius + bRadius)^2
    end

    for bulletIndex = #bullets, 1, -1 do
        local bullet = bullets[bulletIndex]

        bullet.timeLeft = bullet.timeLeft - dt
        if bullet.timeLeft <= 0 then
            table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)
        else
            local bulletSpeed = 500
            bullet.x = (bullet.x + math.cos(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
            bullet.y = (bullet.y + math.sin(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight
        end

        for asteroidIndex = #asteroids, 1, -1 do
            local asteroid = asteroids[asteroidIndex]

            if areCirclesIntersecting(bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidRadius) then
                table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)
                table.remove(asteroids, asteroidIndex)
                break
            end
        end
    end

    -- etc.
end

function love.draw()
    -- etc.

    for bulletIndex, bullet in ipairs(bullets) do
        love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 0)
        love.graphics.circle('fill', bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius)
    end

    -- etc.
end

Breaking asteroids

When a bullet and an asteroid collide, two new asteroids are created.

The first asteroid is given a random angle, and the second asteroid is given the opposite angle by subtracting pi and using the modulo operator to keep the angle greater than or equal to 0 and less than 2 pi.

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for bulletIndex = #bullets, 1, -1 do
        -- etc.

        for asteroidIndex = #asteroids, 1, -1 do
            local asteroid = asteroids[asteroidIndex]

            if areCirclesIntersecting(bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidRadius) then
                table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)

                local angle1 = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
                local angle2 = (angle1 - math.pi) % (2 * math.pi)

                table.insert(asteroids, {
                    x = asteroid.x,
                    y = asteroid.y,
                    angle = angle1,
                })
                table.insert(asteroids, {
                    x = asteroid.x,
                    y = asteroid.y,
                    angle = angle2,
                })

                table.remove(asteroids, asteroidIndex)
                break
            end
        end
    end

    -- etc.
end

Asteroid stages

The different stages an asteroid can be in are stored in a table, indexed by a number given to each asteroid. This number starts at the last stage.

The two new asteroids created when an asteroid is hit by a bullet are now only created if the asteroid hit is above the first stage. The new asteroids are created with a stage one less than the asteroid that was hit.

References to an asteroid's speed and radius are changed to refer to the speed and radius at the stage that the asteroid is currently at.

function love.load()
    -- etc.

    asteroidStages = {
        {
            speed = 120,
            radius = 15
        },
        {
            speed = 70,
            radius = 30
        },
        {
            speed = 50,
            radius = 50
        },
        {
            speed = 20,
            radius = 80
        }
    }

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        asteroid.angle = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
        asteroid.stage = #asteroidStages
    end

    -- Removed: asteroidRadius = 80
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for bulletIndex = #bullets, 1, -1 do
        -- etc.

        for asteroidIndex = #asteroids, 1, -1 do
            local asteroid = asteroids[asteroidIndex]

            if areCirclesIntersecting(bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius) then
                table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)

                if asteroid.stage > 1 then
                    local angle1 = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
                    local angle2 = (angle1 - math.pi) % (2 * math.pi)

                    table.insert(asteroids, {
                        x = asteroid.x,
                        y = asteroid.y,
                        angle = angle1,
                        stage = asteroid.stage - 1,
                    })
                    table.insert(asteroids, {
                        x = asteroid.x,
                        y = asteroid.y,
                        angle = angle2,
                        stage = asteroid.stage - 1,
                    })
                end

                table.remove(asteroids, asteroidIndex)
                break
            end
        end
    end

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        -- Removed: local asteroidSpeed = 20
        asteroid.x = (asteroid.x + math.cos(asteroid.angle) * asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].speed * dt) % arenaWidth
        asteroid.y = (asteroid.y + math.sin(asteroid.angle) * asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].speed * dt) % arenaHeight

        if areCirclesIntersecting(shipX, shipY, shipRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius) then
            love.load()
            break
        end
    end
end

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            -- etc.

            for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
                love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 0)
                love.graphics.circle('fill', asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius)
            end
        end
    end
end

Game over

If there are no more asteroids in the asteroids table the game is reset.

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    if #asteroids == 0 then
        love.load()
    end
end

Resetting

When the game is over, only some variables need to be reset, so a function is made.

function love.load()
    arenaWidth = 800
    arenaHeight = 600

    shipRadius = 30

    bulletRadius = 5

    asteroidStages = {
        {
            speed = 120,
            radius = 15
        },
        {
            speed = 70,
            radius = 30
        },
        {
            speed = 50,
            radius = 50
        },
        {
            speed = 20,
            radius = 80
        }
    }

    function reset()
        shipX = arenaWidth / 2
        shipY = arenaHeight / 2
        shipAngle = 0
        shipSpeedX = 0
        shipSpeedY = 0

        bullets = {}
        bulletTimer = 0

        asteroids = {
            {
                x = 100,
                y = 100,
            },
            {
                x = arenaWidth - 100,
                y = 100,
            },
            {
                x = arenaWidth / 2,
                y = arenaHeight - 100,
            }
        }

        for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
            asteroid.angle = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
            asteroid.stage = #asteroidStages
        end
    end

    reset()
end

function love.update(dt)
    -- etc.

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        -- etc.

        if areCirclesIntersecting(shipX, shipY, shipRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius) then
            reset()
            break
        end
    end

    if #asteroids == 0 then
        reset()
    end
end

Final code

function love.load()
    arenaWidth = 800
    arenaHeight = 600

    shipRadius = 30

    bulletRadius = 5

    asteroidStages = {
        {
            speed = 120,
            radius = 15
        },
        {
            speed = 70,
            radius = 30
        },
        {
            speed = 50,
            radius = 50
        },
        {
            speed = 20,
            radius = 80
        }
    }

    function reset()
        shipX = arenaWidth / 2
        shipY = arenaHeight / 2
        shipAngle = 0
        shipSpeedX = 0
        shipSpeedY = 0

        bullets = {}
        bulletTimer = 0

        asteroids = {
            {
                x = 100,
                y = 100,
            },
            {
                x = arenaWidth - 100,
                y = 100,
            },
            {
                x = arenaWidth / 2,
                y = arenaHeight - 100,
            }
        }

        for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
            asteroid.angle = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
            asteroid.stage = #asteroidStages
        end
    end

    reset()
end

function love.update(dt)
    local turnSpeed = 10

    if love.keyboard.isDown('right') then
         shipAngle = (shipAngle + turnSpeed * dt) % (2 * math.pi)
    end

    if love.keyboard.isDown('left') then
        shipAngle = (shipAngle - turnSpeed * dt) % (2 * math.pi)
    end

    if love.keyboard.isDown('up') then
        local shipSpeed = 100
        shipSpeedX = shipSpeedX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipSpeed * dt
        shipSpeedY = shipSpeedY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipSpeed * dt
    end

    shipX = (shipX + shipSpeedX * dt) % arenaWidth
    shipY = (shipY + shipSpeedY * dt) % arenaHeight

    local function areCirclesIntersecting(aX, aY, aRadius, bX, bY, bRadius)
        return (aX - bX)^2 + (aY - bY)^2 <= (aRadius + bRadius)^2
    end

    for bulletIndex = #bullets, 1, -1 do
        local bullet = bullets[bulletIndex]

        bullet.timeLeft = bullet.timeLeft - dt
        if bullet.timeLeft <= 0 then
            table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)
        else
            local bulletSpeed = 500
            bullet.x = (bullet.x + math.cos(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaWidth
            bullet.y = (bullet.y + math.sin(bullet.angle) * bulletSpeed * dt) % arenaHeight
        end

        for asteroidIndex = #asteroids, 1, -1 do
            local asteroid = asteroids[asteroidIndex]

            if areCirclesIntersecting(bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius) then
                table.remove(bullets, bulletIndex)

                if asteroid.stage > 1 then
                    local angle1 = love.math.random() * (2 * math.pi)
                    local angle2 = (angle1 - math.pi) % (2 * math.pi)

                    table.insert(asteroids, {
                        x = asteroid.x,
                        y = asteroid.y,
                        angle = angle1,
                        stage = asteroid.stage - 1,
                    })
                    table.insert(asteroids, {
                        x = asteroid.x,
                        y = asteroid.y,
                        angle = angle2,
                        stage = asteroid.stage - 1,
                    })
                end

                table.remove(asteroids, asteroidIndex)
                break
            end
        end
    end

    bulletTimer = bulletTimer + dt

    if love.keyboard.isDown('s') then
        if bulletTimer >= 0.5 then
            bulletTimer = 0

            table.insert(bullets, {
                x = shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                y = shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipRadius,
                angle = shipAngle,
                timeLeft = 4,
            })
        end
    end

    for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
        asteroid.x = (asteroid.x + math.cos(asteroid.angle) * asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].speed * dt) % arenaWidth
        asteroid.y = (asteroid.y + math.sin(asteroid.angle) * asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].speed * dt) % arenaHeight

        if areCirclesIntersecting(shipX, shipY, shipRadius, asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius) then
            reset()
            break
        end
    end

    if #asteroids == 0 then
        reset()
    end
end

function love.draw()
    for y = -1, 1 do
        for x = -1, 1 do
            love.graphics.origin()
            love.graphics.translate(x * arenaWidth, y * arenaHeight)
    
            love.graphics.setColor(0, 0, 1)
            love.graphics.circle('fill', shipX, shipY, shipRadius)

            love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 1)
            local shipCircleDistance = 20
            love.graphics.circle(
                'fill',
                shipX + math.cos(shipAngle) * shipCircleDistance,
                shipY + math.sin(shipAngle) * shipCircleDistance,
                5
            )

            for bulletIndex, bullet in ipairs(bullets) do
                love.graphics.setColor(0, 1, 0)
                love.graphics.circle('fill', bullet.x, bullet.y, bulletRadius)
            end

            for asteroidIndex, asteroid in ipairs(asteroids) do
                love.graphics.setColor(1, 1, 0)
                love.graphics.circle('fill', asteroid.x, asteroid.y, asteroidStages[asteroid.stage].radius)
            end
        end
    end
end